Z5 - Shotcreting in Australia (2020)




This document is based on established practice within the Australian context and has been updated for 2020, it is targeted toward designers, specifiers, owners, suppliers, contractors and other end users of shotcrete. From limited beginnings in the 1960s, shotcrete has emerged as the first choice for ground support in the general construction and mining industries and is increasingly being used in other applications. Shotcrete is an evolving technology and users of this guide must appreciate that the contents represent the state of knowledge and practice at the date of publication.


Concrete Institute of Australia




Handbook - Hard Copy

Publication Details


  • Principal Editor: S Bernard
  • Task Group: T Cooper, J Gelson, M Hicks, D Hocking, W Mahoney, S Duffield, P Clark, D Oliveira, C Bodner, R Nievergelt, and Kan Lean Seah. 
This guide provides a description of recommended technology and practice for shotcrete processes, materials, specifications, and equipment. It suggests issues that require consideration with respect to structural design and mix design, but does not purport to be a comprehensive standard on design. While this guide provides an overview of processes involved in shotcreting and required performance criteria it does not replace the need for specific expert knowledge in the particular fields discussed.

  • General - Scope
  • Design Considerations
  • Material Properties
  • Constituent Materials
  • Mix Design
  • Shotcrete Equipment
  • Batching and Mixing
  • Delivery 
  • Application
  • Test Methods
  • Performance Requirements
  • Test Methods


This Recommended Practice document is only available for purchase in hard copy via this site by Members of the Concrete Institute. Non-members can purchase hard copies through SAI Global 

Click here to find out more about the many benefits available to Institute Members or to join.

*Please refer to the Institute’s Online Store Policy for details on pricing, delivery, refunds etc.